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高考英语历年真题讲解及答案

来源:四川的菜谱   时间: 2019-04-15

  文要天天看,理要天天练,熟能生巧。高考加油!下面是学习啦小编为大家推荐的高考英语历年真题,仅供大家参考!

  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

  做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

  第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1. When is the train expected to arrive?

  A. At 9:30 B. At 9:50 C. At 10:45

  2. What’s the probable relationship between the speakers?

  A. Husband and wife B. Mother and son C. Good friends

  3. Who did the man go to the supermarket with?

  A. His daughter B. His cousin C. His girlfriend

  4. Where are the speakers?

  A. In a hospital B. At the customs C. In a medical college

  5. Why doesn’t the woman want to go to the party?

  A. She is too weak to go to the party

  B. She hates to go to parties

  C. She is afraid she will ruin the party

  第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,每个小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第6---7题。

  6. What does the woman suggest the man do?

  A. Wear as fashionably as he can

  B. Do not wear earrings at the office

  C. Show respect to his grandmother

  7. What’s the man’s attitude towards the woman’s suggestion?

  A. Grateful B. Satisfied C. Impatient

  听第7段材料,回答第8--9题。

  8. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

  A. A baby picture of the man

  B. A little new-born girl

  C. Alice’s beautiful life

  9. Who is Alice?

  A. She is the woman’s daughter

  B. She is the man’s sister

  C. She is the man’s niece

  听第8段材料,回答第10---12题。

  10. What’s the phone number for the motorcycle?

  A. 555-6233 B. 555-1298 C. 555-6900

  11. How much does the owner ask for the motorcycle?

  A. 2,000 B. 900 C. 750

  12. What would the woman like to buy?

  A. A motorcycle B. A black bike C. A dog

  听第9段材料,回答第13---16题。

  13. What do we know about the woman?

  A. She is a visitor here

  B. She teachers in a university

  C. She will attend a class this afternoon

  14. Where is the Students’ Dining Hall?

  A. Next to the School Clinic Building

  B. Opposite the Teaching Building

  C. Beside the students’ Apartment

  15. Where is the League Office?

  A. On the 2nd floor of the School Clinic Building

  B. On the 3rd floor of the Teaching Building

  C. On the 10th floor of the School Clinic Building

  16. What will the woman do next?

  A. Follow the man

  B. Have lunch

  C. Go to the League Office

  听第10段材料,回答第17---20题。

  17. What is Mr. White?

  A. A writer B. A film star C. A teacher

  18. What made Mr. White get the idea for Stuart Little?

  A. A friend of Mr. White

  B. A funny dream of Mr. White

  C. A railway sleeping car

  19. What does Charlotte’s Web talk about?

  A. A spider and a pig

  B. A mouse and a pig

  C. A spider and a mouse

  20. Why did Mr. White want to write?

  A. Because he couldn’t speak as a child

  B .Because he could spell when he was little

  C. Because he was not good at drawing

  第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  Marvin, a friend of mine, was the kind of guy who was always happy and had something positive to say. Being a natural motivator, Marvin was there telling the employee how to look on the positive side of the situation whenever he or she was having a bad day.

  Several months ago in his restaurant, Margin was held up at gunpoint by four armed robbers. They panicked and shot him. Luckily, Marvin was found relatively quickly and rushed to the local hospital. After 18 hours of operation and weeks of intensive care, Marvin was recovered with pieces of the bullets(子弹)still in his body.

  It is really a miracle(奇迹)for Marvin’s surviving the robbery. When I met Marvin after the terrifying accident, I did ask him what had gone through this mind as the robbery took place. Marvin replied, “as I lay on the floor, I remembered that I had two choices: I could choose to live, or I could choose to die. I declined to choose to die.” Marvin continued, “The nurses kept telling me I was going to be fine. But when they wheeled me into the emergency room and from the expressions on the face沈阳哪治癫痫最好s of the doctors and nurses I read, ‘He’s a dead man.’ I knew I needed to take action.” “What did you do?” I asked. “Well, there was a big nurse shouting questions at me,” said Marvin. “She asked if I was allergic to anything. ‘Yes’ I replied. The doctors and nurse stopped working as they waited for my reply. I took a deep breath and yelled, ‘Bullets’. Over their laughter I told them, ‘I am choosing to live. Operate on me as if I am alive, not dead.’”

  “Each time something bad happens, I can choose to be a victim or to learn from it. I choose to learn from it. Every time someone comes to me complaining, I can choose to accept their complaining or to point out the positive side of life. I choose the positive side of life.” Marvin concluded.

  21. What happened to Martin several months ago?

  A. He was attacked by terrorists

  B. He got shots in a gun battle

  C. He met with a car accident

  D. He was badly wounded by robbers

  22. Why did Marvin think he needed to take action in hospital?

  A. He couldn’t bear the rudeness of a big nurse

  B. The medical staff was not skilled enough to save him

  C. He had to encourage the doctors and nurses for the operation

  D. He was in danger and had to follow the nurses’ instructions

  23. Which of the following would best describe Marvin according to the text?

  A. Humorous and optimistic B. Unique and unselfish

  C. Positive and cautious D. Outstanding and ambitious

  24. We can infer from the text that __________.

  A. the doctors were sure about the operation on Marvin

  B. Marvin’s survival depends on luck

  C. choices mean success

  D. attitude is vital in life

  B

  Why not create new memories to share with your children? Remember as a kid how thrilled you were to spend quality time outdoors with your family? Together in the fresh air, playing catch, fishing on a boat or building sand castles, you hoped that these loving, fun-filled moments would last forever. Here are 4 ways to create memorable experiences with your kids this summer.

  Hit the beach

  Pack your bathing suits, sun cream and towels - a beach bound adventure offers warm memories for all family members. Remember swimming in warm water at the shoreline, playing among the sands, and diving into the refreshing surf after a game of beach volleyball? You can recreate these happy experiences.

  Play Street Hockey(曲棍球)

  The best thing about summer street hockey is that loved ones of all skill levels can join in for an afternoon of physical activity, outdoor fun and competition. Channel your inner Sidney Crosby or Hayley Wickenheiser and see who can score the most goals.

  Camp

  Sleep under the stars, cook on a campfire and swim in a stream - camping in the great outdoors is a sure way to have wonderful family memories. Some campsites offer equipment such as full bathrooms, showers and sleeping bags. For more information visit Parks Canada’s website.

  Take a Road Trip

  Traveling along the highway with the windows down, wind rushing through your hair and the radio turned up loud enough for you to sing along. Who didn’t love a summertime journey in the backseat of their parents’ car as a kid? This summer, give your kids a taste of what you enjoyed at their age. Take a family road trip exploring together.

  25. Who is the text intended for?

  A. Teachers B. Coaches

  C. Parents D. Players

  26. “Hit the Beach” can help you do the following things except_______.

  A. swimming in the deep sea B. building sand castles

  C. diving into the refreshing surf D. playing beach volleyball

  27. If you enjoy sleeping under the stars with your kids, _________ is your best choice.

  A. "Play Street Hockey" B. "Take a Road Trip"

  C. "Camp" D. "Hit the Beach"

  28. What does the author suggest doing for taking the road trip?

  A. Taking along enough food B. Bringing sleeping bags

  C. Packing your sun cream D. Sing along to music

  C

  In our life of journey, we each have important roles to play. Some are conductors and some are singers. And the rest are heroes in the supporting cast(配角演员)and are necessary to complete the different tasks in life. The “stars” would be greatly darkened if the individual heroes don’t support their performances. The magical accents of the performance section might sound terrible and out of place, unless you could also hear the music they accompany. Even one member of an orchestra doing less than their best could stop the harmony of the musical piece.

  So even though you may not re盐城癫痫病是怎么治疗的ceive the attention of the other performers, your contribution is valuable and a unique part of the success of the whole in the life you lead.

  When you do your job well, you put your own unique energy into the task. Each of us has a different personality and a different talent, just suited for the different roles we support. We can look around us at any moment and identify with the people we work with. Doing your job well displays your ability and gratitude, while learning the lessons from others can move us towards our goals.

  When you are fully present in the job you do, you bring the fullness of your mind, body, and spirit to the moment. Your contribution is strengthened by your talents and abilities, and they can attract the right people and circumstances to your experience. You are playing your role to your very best. You are giving your best to be the world and making it a better place for all of us to live in. remember, each of us is expected to be the best.

  29. What does the first paragraph mainly discuss?

  A. The “stars’ also need many other people’s support

  B. One person might perform different roles

  C. You are a failure unless you become the “stars’

  D. The “stars” are successful because of their own efforts

  30. According to the author, doing the job well can help you _________.

  A. get a rise in your company

  B. show your ability and talents

  C. receive the attention of others

  D. get a sense of success

  31. What can we learn from the text?

  A. No pains, no gains B. Practice makes perfect

  C. All roads lead to Rome D. Everyone is expected to do his best

  D

  Taktak tabulaba?

  You probably don’t know how to answer that question---unless you happen to be one of the about 430 people in the world who speak a language called Matukar Panau. Then you would know it means “What are we doing?” Matukar Panau is one of the world’s rarest languages. It is spoken in just two small coastal villages in Papua New Guinea.

  Several years ago, David Harrison, a language expert didn’t know much about Matukar Panau either. No one had ever recorded or even studied its words and rules. With so few speakers, the language risked disappearing soon. It was endangered.

  Harrison didn’t want that to happen to Matukar Panau. So in 2009, he set out for Papua New Guinea. His goal: use modern technology to help the remaining speakers preserve their native tongue.

  But Matukar Panau is far from the only language facing loss. Studies suggest that by the end of this century, nearly half of the 7,000 languages now spoken worldwide could disappear. They’re in danger partly because the only people left speaking them are elderly adults, Harrison says. When those individuals die, their language will die with them. In addition, children may discard a native language and instead use more common global languages, such as Chinese, English or Spanish.

  In the United States alone, 134 native American languages are endangered. Harrison says, “language hotspots” exist all over the world. These are places with endangered languages that haven’t been recorded. They include the state of Oklahoma, pockets of central and eastern Siberia, parts of northern Australia and communities in South America.

  32. The purpose of using the question “Taktak tabulaba?” is to ________.

  A. introduce a new foreign language

  B. introduce the topic of the text

  C. show the difficulty understanding Matukar Panau

  D. stress the importance of Matukar Panau

  33. What did Harrison go to PaPua New Guinea for?

  A. Learning their native language

  B. Leaning their modern technology

  C. Helping preserve their endangered tongue

  D. Teaching the natives a new language

  34. The underline word “discard” in Paragraph 5 means _______.

  A. get rid of B. pick up

  C. hear of D. learn about

  35. The last two paragraphs imply that endangered languages are _________.

  A. dying quickly in Siberia

  B. popular in some special places

  C. becoming a worldwide problem

  D. some native tongues

  第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据对话内容,从对话后的选项中选出最佳选项,并将其答案标号填入题后的空白处。选项有两项为多余选项。

  ___36____Most big name companies have websites offering information on their products and online stores allowing shoppers to purchase them in the comfort of their homes.

  The first things that became wide spread online were computer equipment and accessories(附件).It is still seen everywhere in our life today, but we can find much more on the internet. Some flower shops accept order看儿童癫痫病去哪家医院好s for flowers to be sent to anywhere around the globe. 37 .Travelers can easily search for the cheapest airplane tickets and hotel rooms.

  ___38 Office supplies, electronics, appliances, clothes, books, furniture, and jewelry are not everything there is. Factor in the auction sites like eBay, every average computer user can buy and sell virtually anything; even automotive parts from junkyards.

  The advantages of shopping online include cheaper prices, fast searching and no time constraints(限制). 39 Because of the informational globalization, consumers are provided with the opportunities of getting everything they want. On the other hand, security might fail and lead to credit card frauds(诈骗). A variety of ads in our email accounts become a part of life. 40

  A. Almost every type of consumer products can be ordered online.

  B. Today a large number of people like surfing the web at home

  C. Online shopping has become very convenient in recent years

  D. In addition, shopping online means more options

  E. Pizza is delivered by ordering on their web sites

  F. And atrophy(肌能萎缩)takes over because we are all sitting down.

  G. And we are living a wonderful life

  第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从41—60各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  From the very first moment I met Mattie on my TV show three years ago, I fell in love with him. He was a ten-year-old little 41 born with a life-threatening disease. But his poems of peace and 42 had touched millions of lives. We became quick friends, 43 each other.

  We often talked about the sunrises and sunsets on the web, and I 44 with Mattie that being a black, I wasn’t a beach person because there was no 45 for me to tan(晒黑). He strongly 46 me to go to the beach that he and his mom visited. He always 47 every single second of the present. He could not understand why everybody wasn’t out on the beach at 48 during their vacation, and he couldn’t 49 why people would want to miss a 50 . I said, “Mattie, most people don’t like to 51 early on vacation.”

  We also talked a lot about 52 . He said to me one day, “I sometimes get a little unhappy or angry when I’m __53 of dying. The boys who lived upstairs said that 54 I got famous, I should always be happy and never sad. I don’t 55 they understand what it’s like to know you have to live your life so 56 , because unless I keep getting miracles(奇迹), my life here won’t 57 . I am afraid of the pain of dying and worried about what I will 58becasue I love living so, so, so much.”

  After a pause, he continued, “I really do want to be a 59 when I die. My dream is to bring my 60 of peace to as many people as possible.”

  41. A. painter B. dancer C. poet D. architect

  42. A. war B. hope C. struggle D. success

  43. A. helping B. comforting C. teasing D. e-mailing

  44. A. shared B. played C. lived D. agreed

  45. A. time B. place C. possibility D. need

  46. A. persuaded B. advised C. forced D. commanded

  47. A. regretted B. doubted C. noticed D. enjoyed

  48. A. once B .dawn C. night D. most

  49. A. figure out B. check out C. speak out D. try out

  50. A. day B. chance C. sunrise D. train

  51. A. travel B. work C. rise D. shop

  52. A. life B. death C. dream D. friendship

  53. A. ashamed B. scared C. fond D. confident

  54. A. if B. unless C. although D. because

  55. A. believe B. imagine C. realize D. remember

  56. A. hard B. easily C. happily D. fast

  57. A. stop B. begin C. last D. exist

  58. A. miss B. achieve C. meet D. overcome

  59. A. dream-maker B. miracle-creator C. peace-maker D. success-achiever

  60. A. message B. information C. news D. words

  第II卷

  注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

  第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处的填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  Of the three major drinks of the world---tea, coffee and cocoa—tea is consumed by the 61 (large) number of people.

  China is the homeland of tea. Human cultivation of tea plants dates back to two thousand years ago. Tea from China, along 62 her silk and porcelain, began to be known to the world more than a thousand years ago and since then it 63 (be) an important Chinese export.

  At present more than forty countries in the world grow tea with Asian countries 64 (produce) 90% of the world’s total output. All tea trees in other countries have their origin directly or indirectly in China. The word for tea leaves or tea as 65 drink in many countries are derivatives(衍生物)from the Chinese character “cha”. The治疗癫痫哪个医院好 Russians call it “cha’i”, 66 sounds like “chaye”(tea leaves) as it is pronounced in northern China, and the English word “tea” sounds similar to the pronunciation of its counterpart in Xiamen. The Japanese character for tea is written ___67 (exact) the same as it is in Chinese, though 68 (pronounce) with a slight difference. The habit of tea drinking spread to Japan in the 6th century, 69 it was not introduced to Europe and America till the 17th and 18th centuries. Now the number of tea 70 (drink) in the world is still on the increase.

  第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  请修改以下作文,短文共10处错误,每句最多有两处错误。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出改加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词。

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  Nowadays more and more people would rather to look for a job on the Internet than in the job market. There are many reasons for my preference, one of which is that a job hunter can find job conveniently. He needn’t bother to get recommendations from friend. Besides, a job hunter can get one by simple sending resumes by e-mail but the success rate is very high. Even if one failed to make it, he won’t feel embarrassing.

  I believe job-hunting on the internet will win favor in more and more jobless people for its convenient, efficiency and success rate.

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  进入高三以来,同学们倍感学习压力,有的同学熬夜学习,甚至课间十分钟也不放过。假设你是李华,请针对这一现象,在penpal world.com网站上用英语发表一下自己的看法与外国中学生进行交流。

  注意:1.词数100左右。

  2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

  _______________________________________________________

  ________________________________________________________

  ________________________________________________________

  ________________________________________________________

  ___________________________________________________________

  I 听力(每小题1.5 分;满分30分):

  1---5 ACBAC 6---10 BCBCA 11---15 BCACA 16---20 BABAC

  II 阅读 (每小题2分;满分40分)

  21---25 DCADC 26---30 ACDAB 31---35 DBCAC 36---40 CEADF

  III 完形填空 (每小题1.5 分;满分30分)

  41---45 CBDAD 46---50 BDBAC 51---55 CBBDA 56---60DCACA

  主观题评分细则

  I. 语法知识填空:写对一题得1.5分,满分15分。

  61. largest 62.with 63. has been 64. producing 65. a

  66. which 67.exactly 68. pronounced 69. but 70. drinkers

  II. 短文改错:改对一处得1分,满分10分;多者从第十一处起不得分。

  Nowadays more and more people would rather to look for a job on the Internet than in the job

  去掉to

  market. There are many reasons for my preference, one of which is that a job hunter can find ∧

  their a/his

  job conveniently. He needn’t bother to get recommendations from friend. Besides, a job hunter can

  friends

  get one by simple sending resumes by e-mail but the success rate is very high. Even if one failed

  simply and fails

  to make it, he won’t feel embarrassing.

  embarrassed

  I believe job-hunting in the internet will win favor in more and more jobless people

  with/among

  for its convenient, efficiency and high success rate.

  convenience

  书面表达:

  参考范文

  Hi Fellows,

  I’m Li Hua, a senior high student from China. I’d like to share something with you. Since the beginning of senior high, the learning burden makes us students feel more stressed. Many of us often sit up late at night fighting for the College Entrance Exam; even a ten-minute break won’t be let go.

  As far as I know, lack of sleep does great harm to our health. For one thing, we can’t concentrate in class if we don’t get enough sleep. For another, we may get angry and impatient easily. By the same token, a ten-minute break is definitely necessary, which can help us get rid of tiredness and focus on next class period. A famous proverb goes well, “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy”. How about your situation and opinion?

  Looking forward to your reply.

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